Leverages Financial and Strategic Management MCQ

They don’t need to sell as many products to cover these costs. It can deal better with economic fluctuations and downturns. If a firm has too many costs, which they can’t change, they can run their business with high leverage. Solvency / Leverage ratios are a lot similar to liquidity ratios.

This allows you to use your fixed costs and invest in your business instead. The variable costs are 40% of the sales while the fixed operating costs amount to ₹ 30,000. The amount of interest on long-term debts is ₹ 10,000. You are required to calculate the combined leverage. To summarize, Operating leverage is the degree to which a firm’s fixed production costs contribute to its total operating costs at different levels of sales. In a firm that has operating leverage, a given change in sales results in major change in the net operating revenue.

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Is considered better, as it permits businesses to generate huge profits on each incremental sale. For the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses , business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting. It is easy for these businesses to profit with low sales, but they cannot make huge profits if they can make more sales.

operating leverage is ratio of ebit to

If the value of degree of financial leverage is 1, then there will be no financial leverage. Financing leverage is a measure of changes in operating profit or EBIT on the levels of earning per share. The earnings before interest and taxes change with an increase or decrease in the sales volume. Operating leverage is used to measure the effect of variation in sales volume on the level of earnings before interest and taxes (i.e. EBIT).

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Operating leverage is the use of fixed operating costs to provide a larger return on investment. Companies can increase the percentage return they see on their invested capital by using operating leverage. If the market value of an asset is higher than its book value, then you have an operating leverage.

  • As QPR Ltd. has higher combined leverage hence it has high business risk & financial risk as compared to ABC Ltd.
  • Calculate the financial leverage taking EBIT level under base.
  • Leverage is frequently used in business to refer to borrowing funds to finance the purchase of inventory, equipment, or other assets.
  • The firm has 30.00,000 in debt that costs 10% annually.

Rs.10% Preference Share Capital1,00,000Equity Share Capital (Rs. 10 Shares)1,00,00012% Debenture75,000The amount of operating profit is Rs. 69,000. Rs. 15 lakhs in equity shares of Rs. 100 each and the balance in 8% debentures. There are some other measures of financial leverage. In simple terms, leverage may be defined as the % change in one variable divided by the % change in some other variable.

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That is the operating profit may become zero for a very small or marginal drop in sales. If the fixed costs are higher, the firm’s operating leverage and its operating risks are higher. If operating leverage is high, it means that the break-even point would also be reached for a very marginal drop in sales. Higher the debt-to-equity ratio, higher the financial risk of leverage. However, this higher leverage also allows a successful company to increase the return to equity shareholders.

You should not be looking at companies worldwide, and certain industries are more likely to have higher fixed costs than other industries. One way for a business seeking to improve its operational leverage is through automating its assembly line. Nearly all auto manufacturers have either fully or partially automated assembly lines, and automation reduces the direct and variable labour costs, increasing fixed costs. Calculate the degree of financial leverage for a firm when its EBIT is 20,00,000.


We use operating leverage as a cost-accounting formula to measure how a project or firm can increase the operating income by increasing total revenue. The degree of combined leverage is the ratio of the percentage change in earnings per share to the percentage change in sales. It indicates the effect the sales changes will have on EPS. A firm has sales of ₹ 75,00,000, variable cost of ₹ 42,00,000 and fixed cost of ₹ 6,00,000. It has a debt of ₹ 45,00,000 at 9% and equity of ₹ 55,00,000.

  • As Small Pen Ltd. has higher financial leverage hence it has high financial risk as compared to Big Pen Ltd.
  • This number is close to 1, indicating a safer company with lesser potential profits.
  • It is important to remember that leverage arises from the existence of fixed costs in a company.
  • TUV Ltd. & WXY Ltd. both are less risky as compared to market as there operating leverages and betas are more than market.
  • Large fluctuations in a company’s earnings may occur due to increased financial debt.

As with any other financial instrument, leverage has advantages and disadvantages that you should be aware of before employing it in your business or personal investments. It depicts the combined effect of operating and financial leverage. Operating leverage is one https://1investing.in/ of the procedures to measure the impact of changes in sales which lead for change in the profits of the company. If there is any change in the sales, it will lead to corresponding changes in profit. Calculate the financial leverage taking EBIT level under base.

MCQs on Financial and Strategic Management

Leveraging is when you use borrowed money – such as loans, securities, capital, or other assets – for an investment in order to potentially increase the return on that investment. We have covered leverage in-depth in this article below. Financial leverage is vital devices which is used to measure the fixed cost proportion with the total capital of the company. Operating leverage assists to identify the position of fixed cost and variable cost. If sales increase by 6% taxable income will increase by 24% (6 × 4).

Tendency of Disproportionate change is called LEVERAGE. Calculate the Return-on-equity for the company and indicate its segments the mother of all accounting is due to the presence of Preference Share Capital and Borrowing . If sales rise by 1 % at the firm, then EBIT will rise by 3.5%.

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